Endocrinology & Metabolism
Endocrinology and Metabolic research is a field of medical research that is dedicated to researching the diagnosis, management, and prevention of Endocrine and Metabolic disorders. Endocrine and Metabolic disorders span a large range of medical conditions such as osteoporosis, cystic fibrosis, hypothyroidism, and obesity.
Encompassing a large range of interdisciplinary areas of research, Cancer research is one of the most important fields in modern medicine. Studies conducted into the mechanisms of cancer development and progression are important for the development of cancer prevention treatments. Additionally, clinical cancer research is integral to the treatment of the disease.
With cardiovascular disease being the leading cause of death globally, dedicated studies can range from molecular and genetic studies of the mechanisms of cardiovascular disease to studies of lifestyle interventions and preventative treatment.
The circulatory system which is also referred to as the cardiovascular system is an organ system that allows the circulation of blood which then transports nutrients, hormones, and oxygen to cells in the body. Researching the cardiovascular system is integral to a better understanding of cardiovascular disease and lymphatic disease.
Also known as cytology, is a branch of biology studying the structure and function of the cell. Cell biology encompasses both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and can be divided into many sub-topics. Some of these sub-topics are: cell metabolism, cell communication, cell cycle, biochemistry, and cell composition.
Epigenetics, Transcription, & Translation
Epigenetics is the study of inheritable phenotype changes that do not involve alterations in the DNA sequence. This includes, the functionally relevant changes to the genome that do not involve a change in the nucleotide sequence.
Forensic Chemistry & Toxicology
Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry within an investigative legal setting. The areas of investigation include high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and thin layer chromatography.
The study of immune systems in all organisms. This includes, the physiological functioning of the immune system in both health and diseases; autoimmune diseases (malfunctions of the immune system in immunological disorders), and immune deficiency. Immunology has applications in numerous disciplines of medicine, particularly in the fields of organ transplantation, oncology, rheumatology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, psychiatry, and dermatology.
Research concerning, the biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli. Destructive components of inflammation include, pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants. Protective components of inflammation include, immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.
Research concerning the study of fatty acids, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, and phospholipids. The term “lipid” is sometimes used as a synonym for fats, however, fats are a subgroup of lipids called triglycerides.
Neuroscience a branch of the life sciences that concerns the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, or molecular biology of nerves and nervous tissue. The scope of neuroscience has broadened over time from molecular and cellular studies of individual neurons to imaging of sensory, motor and cognitive tasks in the brain.
Oxidative Stress & Reactive Species
Oxidative stress reflects an imbalance between reactive oxygen species and the ability to readily detoxify or to repair the resulting damage.
Phytochemistry is a branch of plant biochemistry (phytology) primarily concerned with the chemical substances produced by plants during secondary metabolism. Many phytochemical compounds are Alkaloids, naturally occurring organic compounds that contain at least one nitrogen atom, extracted from bio-mas.
Toxicology involves the study of the adverse effects of chemical substances on living organisms, as well as, the practice of diagnosing and treating exposures to toxins. Chemical toxicity factors include the dosage, duration of exposure (whether it is acute or chronic), route of exposure, species, age, sex, and environment.